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Author : Deepak
Article ID : 22
Audience : Default
Version 1.00
Published Date: 2010/12/11 18:58:38
Reads : 3471

Introduction: If you have enjoyed keeping tropical freshwater fish, you might like to consider setting up a marine tank. Although more challenging than a tropical freshwater aquarium, if done with care it will provide you with a rewarding and fascinating result. Be aware, you should always research the stocking for your tank carefully before proceeding. Your choice of livestock will affect the size of tank and type of equipment you will need. Marine fish are generally not as tolerant to fluctuations in their environment as other varieties, so it is essential to maintain water quality consistently.

What Type of Tank? A big tank is vital for marine life as maximum stocking densities are lower than for freshwater aquaria. Larger tanks give increased stability for your fish and make aquascaping easier too, so it makes sense to splash out on the biggest you can afford. Remember your marine tank will require additional items such as lighting and filtration – the more room is the better.

Which Type of Fish? The type of fish you choose will depend on many factors, will they exist happily alongside each other? Are there feeding requirements similar? How big will they grow? Asking for advice is the best way to ensure your end up with best combination for your tank. Stocking recommendation for reef tanks ( a mixture of invertebrates such as corals are starfish as well as fish)are even lower, making a fish only tank is the easier and less costly option.

How Many Fish? A marine tank holds 20-30cm body length (excluding tail) of slender bodies’ fish per 100 litre of water. For a fish-only system, a maximum of 2.5cm for 9 litres is recommended. For a reef tank 2.5cm for 18 litres.

Feeding: Herbivorous marine fish may need feeding 2 or 3 times a day and carnivorous will require feeding around twice a week.

Maintenance & Care: As marine livestock is so intolerant of poor water quality, the most important maintenance is regular partial water changes. It is advisable to fit a protein skimmer, a device which removes proteins from the water before they break down and became harmful. Lighting for your and will depend on your livestock – some invertebrates will have specific requirements. Some standard filter system may not be suitable for marines as always it pays to ask for advice.

Tips for healthy Fish:
--> Patience is the key – stocking your aquarium slowly will help maintain the healthiest environment for your livestock.
--> Maintaining salinity level is also crucial. Natural sweater contains many minerals as well as salt and there are various salt mixes available, which aim to match it's natural composition. As marine fish are sensitive to water pollution you should test water regularly to maintain the quality.

The ideal values should look like this (please check for each species ):
--> Specific gravity : approx 1.024 @ aquarium temperature
--> Salinity: 32 grams/litre (32 ppt)
--> pH ideal value : 8.1 – 8.3
--> temperature : 24 – 28 degree C
--> Ammonia: 0 - 0.01mg/litre
--> Nitrate: 0 - 0.125 mg/litre (Nitrate ideal value should be zero for invertebrates. For fish only aquaria, a maximum reading of 40 mg/litre)

Reference: WorldOfWater

Good Luck

Deepak

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